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Costa Rica Ranks as Fifth Greenest Country in the World

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Costa Rica remains a world leader in environmental protection. In fact, it ranked fifth among 132 countries, according to the Environmental Representation Index 2012, published last week by U.S. universities Yale and Columbia.

Photo Credit: Prensa Escrita

Original Article Text From Prensa Escrita via Google Translate :

5 ° ECOLOGICAL WORLD COUNTRY

Costa Rica is still a world leader in environmental protection. In fact, it ranked fifth among 132 countries, according to the Environmental Representation Index 2012, published last week by U.S. universities Yale and Columbia.

It is the third time that Costa Rica finishes in the top five countries in the world, according to this ranking, the fourth held since 2006. That year, the country was ranked 15.

The performance of Costa Rica’s even more impressive when taking into account the low level of control over the environment, manifested in the rest of Latin America. In the region, in which Costa Rica to some extent compete with other countries to attract tourism revenue, no other event can compare.

The second after Costa Rica is Nicaragua, but was far enough, at position 35, while Panama was ranked 39.
No other Latin American country achieved positive results, the best after Colombia Costa Rica is in the place 27.

Among the strengths are the conservation practices of a quarter of the land, biodiversity, low impact on climate change, and providing drinking water for 97% of the population, the highest level in Latin America. Indeed, Costa Rica managed to move to world powers like Germany and the United States, whose citizens have a per capita income, which is triple the Costa Ricans who are currently at about $ 10 billion annually.

One of the most favored Costa Rica in the index is that it produces low levels of carbon dioxide, which contributes to global warming. One of the main reasons for low levels of this gas is the fact that Costa Rica generates most of its electricity with water.

Another reason for the ecological success attributed to Costa Rica has to do with the spirit of conservation, especially the extensive system of national parks and marine protected areas.

In the different categories analyzed to prepare the ranking, the country received a score of 100%, as far as conservation of forest areas is concerned.

As a result of this situation, the country home to thousands of species, which are 4% of global biodiversity.
The environmentalist vocation of the country has had a positive impact, especially in tourism. For several years, the promotion campaigns abroad by the Costa Rican Institute of Tourism, have emphasized the slogan “No artificial ingredients.”

In this context, the results of an index such as the prestigious American universities, strengthen the image of Costa Rica in the world.

Forest reserves meanwhile are growing, thanks to the success of the sales of carbon credits. Last year, Costa Rica received about $ 32 million for this purpose, being more than twice the amount that entered the country in 2008.

Under the mechanism of carbon credits, the owner of a reserve or forest, receives money from a company or other entity in an industrialized country, in exchange for his commitment to his farm in natural condition.

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From Prensa Escrita

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