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Costa Rica Shows Slowdown in Population Growth

Article Summary:

New census data out of Costa Rica shows a slowdown in population growth for the first time in over 20 years. Lower birthrates, lagging immigration rates and fewer Costa Ricans exiting the country to live abroad have contributed to the nations decelerated growth.

Photo Credit: El Financiero

Original Article Text From El Financiero via Google Translate :

Costa Rica Population growth slows
INEC Announced Preliminary Results of Census 2011

Costa Rica has 4,301,712 inhabitants, according to preliminary data from the National Population Census X and VI Housing 2011, released this morning by the INEC. Of these, 51% female and 49% male.

The data show that the increase in the population of Costa Rica put the brake to shift from annual growth rate of 2.8% between 1984 and 2000 to only 1.1% annually over the period 2000-2011.

The number of inhabitants in the country increased from 3,810,179 in 2000 to 4,301,712 in 2011, for a difference of 491,533 people.

The fall in fertility, immigration flow more stable and more Costa Rican emigration would be the main factors behind the slower growth rate, according to representatives of the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INEC).

During the last decade increased from 19.9 births per 1,000 inhabitants in 2000 to 15.5 births per thousand inhabitants. The average drop of children per woman is a trend that has intensified with the passing of the years. In 2000, each woman gave birth on average 2.39 times, a figure that fell below the replacement rate – to 1, 8 – in 2011.

Effects on Pensions and Health Services
The figures indicate a trend towards an aging population and births are insufficient to replace those who leave the economically productive age.

The pressure on pension systems, health services and reduced availability of labor are part of the challenges of this change in population structure, said Jorge Barquero, an expert in demography American Population Center.

Moreover, INEC experts raised the possibility that the Costa Rican migration has increased, a factor that may help explain the slowdown in popula on growth.”Hopefully this is so. Other surveys have indicated an increase in the number of Costa Ricans who reside in the U.S. for example. Significant increases, “said Boatman.

Other Preliminary Data
San Jose is the most concentrated province with 1,403,963 inhabitants, 32.6% of the total population. The capital is the province with a lower population growth (0.4% annually).

Guanacaste is the province with the greatest growth to reach 1.9%, although it remains the least populated with 326,821. The canton of St. Joseph Central, the central canton of Alajuela, Homeless, San Carlos, Cartago, Perez Zeledon, Pococí, Heredia, Puntarenas, Goicoechea and La Union are the most populous counties.

The country has 1,360,046 homes. The growth was 325,153 between 2000 and 2011. The average annual growth rate was 2.5% during this period.
There is a reduction in the average persons per household, that between 2000 and 2011 went from 4.1 to 3.5 persons per occupied dwelling.

San Jose is the province with the highest number of homes. Concentrates 32.1% of the national total. Alajuela is the second with 19.4% and 10.7% third with Puntarenas.

Link to Original Article:

From El Financiero

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